Academic Editing

10 Academic Phrases Your Writing Doesn't Need

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Academics often use these phrases to transition from one idea to another. It is true that the occasional transitional word or phrase is necessary to connect ideas and maintain the flow of your writing. It is also true you must employ a certain level of professionalism and academic language to give your work or research the authority it needs to convey your ideas.

Unfortunately, there can be a fine line between clarity and redundancy, thoroughness and overwriting. Check out our rules for effective academic writing and commonly used redundant phrases below.

10 Academic Phrases Your Writing Doesn't Need

1. On the Other Hand…

In the English language, certain phrases have to be paired together to make sense. You essentially can't have one without the other, and the connective and contrasting phrases on the one hand… on the other hand are one such pairing that is commonly misused. Simply put, you cannot use on the other hand without first including on the one hand. Even when used correctly—to contrast connected ideas in support of your argument—you can usually remove these academic phrases from your writing.

2. In Order To

In order to is one of those phrases that is often used to help new English writers understand or structure sentences. Native English speakers also use it when they are learning another language and translating that language back into English. So, it makes sense that in order to appears in many examples of academic writing. The reality is that in order to is an example of overwriting (i.e., using more words than necessary); that means you can almost always write to instead.

3. Indeed

Indeed is one of those archaic academic phrases that most native English speakers never use—unless they own a monocle, talk in a Victorian English accent, and rely on a pocket watch. It's incredible how pervasive this word is in some academic writing. Cutting this word from your academic writing is, in most cases, a good idea.

4. However, Moreover, Furthermore . . .

Admittedly, transitional words do have their place in the English language, but that place is not at the beginning of every single sentence. When used sparingly and appropriately, words such as howevermoreover, and furthermore can be helpful for leading a reader from one idea to another or connecting sentences to maintain the flow and clarity of your academic writing. If used too often, the opposite can happen, and your writing can become tedious and confusing. Use transitional words with caution!

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5. As Well As

Another example of overwriting is the much-used phrase as well as. Its most common offense is connecting the last element in a list when a simple and would work—and be more concise!

6. For a Short (or Long) Period of Time

These convoluted academic phrases are common in scientific or technical academic writing that describes experiments or research methods. You can always shorten for a short period of time to for a short time (or for a long time); as a result, your writing will become much clearer and easier to read.

7. By Using

Sneaky little prepositions have a habit of popping up where they are entirely unneeded. Such is the case with by using, a phrase that many writers use without thinking twice about it. But wait! Does that little two-letter word actually need to be there? Again, cut the unnecessary clutter in your academic writing and simply write using instead.

8. Due to the Fact That

This academic phrase runs rampant in all kinds of writing. It's the wordy, nerdy sibling of the conjunction because. In most cases, simply using because keeps your writing concise and readable. Ditch the extra words.

9. In Relation to

There are better ways to increase your word count than add extra words. Another classic example of wordiness is the phrase in relation to, which appears in all kinds of unwanted situations. If you find yourself using this phrase a lot, consider replacing it with the prepositions aboutto, or with instead, and give your readers a break.

10. In the Event That

In the event that takes top prize for wordy phrases used in place of two-letter conjunctions. You can replace this with if without taking anything away from your writing.


Wanting to make your writing appear as professional as possible is a laudable goal, but all too often, overly complex language is mistaken for being intellectual. As such, wordiness is an easy trap to fall into for many academic writers.

Remember, concise writing is often better for academic writing, and transitional words are not necessary at the beginning of every sentence. Keep the above alternatives in mind the next time you're writing a paper—your readers will thank you.

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Merudio's in-house editors are unrivaled in both experience and education. They use their considerable skills to help academics develop their best writing.